New Zealand (Aotearoa in Māori) is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands too. The country is situated 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea. Due to its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. It was explored by a British man who's name is James Cook. He explored it with his ship the Endeavor.